the coins and history of asia




Containing information and scans of over 3,600 coins, these pages are to be a resource for students of Near Eastern, Persian, Indian, Central Asian and Chinese history from 600 BC to 1600 AD. Permanent exhibits with emphasis on Sasanian, Hunnic and Central Asian coinages. Check back often and reload everything because I'm adding all the time. Begun in July, 1996, I've resigned myself to the fact that this will take the better part of several dozen more years to complete. Oh well.
In a state of continuous flux, July, 2012.

A word about image and thumbnail sizes: in late 1995 when I began this project, I was using a dial-up account with a 9,600 baud modem. The time to load a screen-sized image was substantial; I made the decision to make my thumbnail images 70 x 70 pixels, obverse-only, and to link to separate 300 x 300 pixel obverse and reverse jpgs (small, but not too small; essentially the size of the entire screen of a Mac Plus) so that even those with the most primitive computer setup would be able to load a page or image without waiting more than a minute. And remember most early monitor resolution was 640 x 480 dpi! Well, times have changed (an understatement -- even the most basic internet access is now more than 100 times the speed of my original setup). Since the beginning of 2006, I have been adding new images at 1250 x 625 pixels (both obverse and reverse together), thumbnails at 300 x 150 and have upgraded all the old, smaller thumbnails. As of today (July 20, 2010) approximately two-third of the images are of the 1250 x 625 pixel variety.

Want to learn more about Oriental coins? Join the Oriental Numismatic Society.

AV=Gold, AR=Silver, AE=Bronze, Brass, Copper, etc., PB=Lead, FE=Iron, Billon=an alloy of AE and AR
v. after a catalogue number means it is a variant of that type
(?) means i'm not sure; (!) signifies an unusual or unique aspect



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Timeline
Maps
References/Bibliography




Persian/Iranian Empires

Achaemenid Empire
12 coins
Seleucid Empire
| Seleucus I - Timarchos | Demetrius I - Phillip II |
86 coins
Parthian Empire
| Arsaces I - Mithradates II |
| Gotarzes I - Mithradates III | Orodes II - Tiridates |
| Phraataces - Vonones II | Vologases I - Vologases III |
| Osroes I - Artabanos IV |
194 coins
Persis
27 coins
Elymais
32 coins
Characene
14 coins

Sasanian Empire
1,071 coins

| table of mint cities |
| map of mint cities |
| table of dates |
| comparison of transcription of sasanian names |

| Sasanian Imitations |
35 coins (under construction)

| Sasanian Seals |
21 seals



[Sogd]
Central Asia

| Bukhara/Western Sogd - Yueh Chih - Dahae - Choresmia |
| Medieval Bukhara and Choresmia - Samarkand and Southern Sogd - Chach |
| Huvishka Imitations and Jouan-Jouan |
| North Tokharistan, page 1 |
| North Tokharistan, page 2 |
| North Tokharistan, page 3 |

Sogdian, Choresmian, Jouan-Jouan, Dahae, Yueh Chi,
Chaghaniyan Kingdoms
100 coins



[Indo-Greek]
Indo-Cultures/Sakas

Graeco-Bactrian/Indo-Greek kingdoms
50 coins
Indo-Scythian kingdoms
| Early Scythians - Maues - Vonones Group - Azes I |
|Azes II - Zeionises - Apracharajas - Kharahostes Family - Rujavula - Minor Dynasts |
80 coins
Indo-Parthian kingdoms
| Gondophares - Abdagases |
|Satavastres - Sarpedones - Orthagnes - Ubouzanes - Sases - Abdagases II - Pakores |
64 coins
Parthian Related coins
42 coins
Paratarajas
20 coins
Western Satraps
17 coins




Kushan Empire

Kushan Empire
| Kujula Kadphises | | 'Soter Megas' | | Vima Kadphises |
| Kanishka I | | Huvishka I | | Vasu Deva I and later |
149 coins
Kushano-Sasanians
64 coins




Hunnic Empires

Alchon Huns, Nezak Huns, Hephthalites and related Iranian Hunnic groups
| Alchon Huns and Narana/Narendra |
| Nezak Huns [Bull crown types] |
| Crescent, Solar, Senmurv Crown types; Tamgha 67 types; Facing Bust types; Unclassified AE and Kashmir Smast |
| Nezak Huns [Trident crown types] |
| Peroz Imitations (Gobl 287-292) |
| Hormazd IV Imitations |
| Splinter Groups; Countermarked |
251 coins

Kidarites/Kushano-Sasanians/Intermediate Groups
34 coins



[4054v]
India

Ancient and Medieval India
| Pre-Mauryan - Mauryan Period | | Sungas - Vishnukundins | | Yaudheyas - Pratiharas |
| Shahi Kings - Kashmir | | Sultanate of Delhi - Nayakas |

142 coins

Sri Lanka
9 coins



[Mawdud]
Islamic Dynasties

Early Muslim/Pre-Reform coinage

| Arab-Sasanian |
108 coins
| Eastern Sistan Series |
7 coins
| Tabaristan |
19 coins
| Arab-Hephthalite |
3 coins
| Arab-Bukharan |
10 coins
| Arab-Byzantine |
29 coins

| table of arab-sasanian mint cities |
| ornamentation |

| table of arab-byzantine mint cities |


Post-Reform coinage

Islamic Dynasties - General index
Umayyad, Abbasid, Ayyubid, Seljuq,
Artuqid, Zengid, Mongol, Ilkhanid, and others
116 coins


Turcoman Figural coinage

| Artuqid |
88 coins
| Zengid |
103 coins



[Tyre reverse]
Near East

Arabia
Nabataeans, Minaeans, Katabanians, Sabaeans, and Himyarites
36 coins
Kings of Cappadocia
2 coins
Commagene
2 coins
Cyrrhestica
1 coin
Mesopotamia
8 coins
Seleucis and Pieria
16 coins
Coele Syria
1 coin
Phoenicia
11 coins
Judaean Kingdom
46 coins



[Levon I]
Armenia

Armenia
Artaxiad, Arsacid and Cilician Armenian Kingdoms
48 coins



[Akrosandros]
Black Sea

Black Sea Area
Thrace, Scythia, Bosporus, Colchis, Pontos, Paphlagonia and Bithynia
14 coins
Kings of Scythia
3 coins
Kings of Bosporus
11 coins



[SB 805]
Romaion/Byzantine Empire

Romaion/Byzantine Empire
| Anastasius I - Justin II | Tiberius II - Phocas | Heraclius - Heraclonas |
| Constans II - Alexander | Constantine VII - Constantine XI; Trebizond |

156 coins

Crusader Kingdoms
6 coins



[Knife Coin]
Far East

Ancient and Medieval China
| Chou and Qin |
| Western Han - Eastern Han |
| Three Kingdoms - Disunion Period |
| Sui and Tang |
| Five Dynasties and Tartars |
| Northern Song |
| Southern Song |
| Yuan, Ming and Qing |

198 coins

South East Asian Kingdoms
5 coins
Japan
1 coin
Korea
2 coins
Vietnam
7 coins



Key Resource
Links2Go
Key Resource Award

Coins Topic

StudyWeb






b a c k  t o  m a i n  m e n u



© T. K. Mallon-McCorgray, July 1996; 2012

Permission is granted for electronic copying and distribution in print form for personal use. If you duplicate any of these documents, parts of documents or images, you must indicate the source. No permission is granted for commercial use and/or reproduction on the WWW.
I'm not kidding.

tkmallon-mccorgray